Australian Dyslexia Association Inc.(ADA) - Solutions for those who learn differently

Could it be dyslexia?

The difficulties displayed by individuals with dyslexia involve difficulties in acquiring and using written language. Intelligence is not the issue. It is important to keep in mind that dyslexia occurs on a continuum from mild to severe; no two learners with a dyslexia profile are the same.However there will be a particular pattern of strengths and weaknesses in underlying cognitive processing areas related to language based tasks such as reading and spelling which enable dyslexia to be identified.

What are the common characteristics of dyslexia?

Difficulty aquiring and using oral and written language

Difficulty in phonological awareness,including segmenting,blending and manipulting sounds in words

Difficulty mastering the the alphabetical principle and basic decoding skills (sounds to letters)

Slow, inaccurate laboured reading. (lacking fluency)

Difficulty acquiring age appropriate sight words recognition skills (visual coding)

Difficulty learning to spell accurately

Difficulty learning and retaining multi-syllabic vocabulary

Limited reading comprehension due to weak decoding and/or word recognition and fluency skills

Oral language skills are often stronger than written language skills


What are other common symptoms?

Difficulty naming colors, objects, and letters rapidly, in a sequence

Weak memory for lists, directions, or facts

Needs to see or hear concepts many times to learn them

Distracted by visual or auditory stimuli

Downward trend in achievement test scores or school performance

Inconsistent school work

Teacher says, If only they would try harder,

If your child or student is indicating difficulties in most of the above areas ADA recommends a professional pre assessment screening as the first step.

Adults and Dyslexia

Unidentified children grow into unidentified adults. Dyslexia does not go away, you do not outgrow it.

What are some common adult characteristics of dyslexia?

Avoiding reading and writing whenever possible

Trying to conceal difficulties with reading and writing from other people

Poor spelling

Relying on memory and verbal skills,rather than reading or writing