Dyslexia in Australia
Dyslexia In Australia:
Dyslexia is estimated to affect some 10% of the Australian population.In Australia the term SLD (Specific/Significant Learning Difficulty/Disabilty) or LD (Learning Difficulty) are used interchangeably and as an umbrella term for a variety of difficulties which may or may not be dyslexia.
Understanding Dyslexia:Dyslexia is best understood as a persistent difficulty with reading and spelling.
Early Identification & Early Intervention:
Dyslexia is phonologically based.Children identified "at risk" should receive evidence based multisensory approaches in early intervention for reading & spelling and teachers must be able to identify,plan and tailor the needs of individual students.
Learning Differently: " I can learn I just learn differently"Dyslexia is resistant to traditional teaching and regular tutoring.Individuals with dyslexia have average to superior intelligence and can learn they just learn differently and therefore need to be taught differently.Dyslexia can be seen as a language based learning difference.
Teaching Differently: "A teacher must be equipped to teach more than one way"
Students with dyslexia need the same educational opportunties as other students.Classroom, support teachers and tutors can be trained in effective teaching practices which will not only help the student with dyslexia learn but all students can benefit by direct, explicit and systematic multisensory instruction. Understanding and meeting the needs of dyslexia and related reading difficulties demands thorough teaching methodologies in reading and spelling.An understanding of the development and acquisition of reading and spelling is required and many teachers would benefit from specialised language training.
Improved Teacher Training in Reading & Spelling Instruction:
"The field of ‘learning difficulties’ still remains as a field of unclear definitions, disparate classification and some confusion in relation to which students are being discussed under the umbrella term and what equitable provision might entail for this group of students." Reference 3
Dyslexia and the Law in Australia:
"Findings from Canada state that 80-90% of children in learning support have dyslexia"
"Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading,writing and spelling difficulties"
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability ("difference" ADA adapted) that is neurological in origin. It is characterised by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.